|Commander Chris Hadfield (Canadian Space Agency ())|
Commander Chris Hadfield is making science fun and
accessible for students and adults all around the world with his tweets from
the International Space Station while circling Earth. Chris Hadfield is the
first Canadian astronaut to take over as Commander on the International Space
Station and boy has he made the most of it.
He has taken social media by storm, especially on Twitter
where he went from a few thousand followers in the fall of 2012 before lift
off, to his current 756,558 followers from around the world. He has tweeted
pictures taken through the window of the Space Station from Cairo, Egypt to the
Australian outback, from the mouth of the St. Lawrence River, Canada to
Bordeaux, France, from Capetown, South Africa to Rio De Janeiro, Brazil to
Tokyo, Japan and so many more.
From his command post in space, he has transmitted into
classrooms around the world, tweeted photos of almost every country he has
flown over, exchanged flying tips with Captain James Kirk from the iconic Star
Trek TV series from the 60's and created short films on subjects as varied as,
crying in space,
taking pictures in space, the Hadfield Shake, how do you sprinkle salt and
pepper in space? (We squirt salt water and pepper oil) and many more. He has also teamed up with Bare Naked
Ladies frontman Ed Robertson to write and record a duet in support of music
|East coast of Africa Sand and Water (Twitter (Chris Hadfield))|
So who is this guitar strumming space guy who says that the
creativity and improvisation connected to music has made him a better
Chris Hadfield was born in 1959 in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
and raised on a southern Ontario corn farm. Interested in flight from an early age, this Air Cadet had
already won scholarships to pilot gliders by the age of 15. An avid skier, ski
racer and teacher of same, Hadfield eventually joined the Canadian Armed Forces
in 1978. He went on to graduate in
1982 with honors receiving a bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering and
later trained as a fighter pilot. After a 3 year stint flying CF-18s for NORAD
(North American Aerospace Defence Command Chris went on to the United States
Air Force (USAF) School for Test Pilots at Edwards Air Force Base, in California. From 1989 - 1992 Hadfield flew and
tested more than 70 different types of aircraft. Quite an accomplishment for a
kid from a farm in Canada.
In 1992 his dream to be an astronaut came true when he was
selected from 5330 applicants from across the country to become just one of
four new Canadian astronauts. The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) lent him to NASA
Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas that same year and the rest is
history. Some of his many accomplishments
while at NASA include, the "development of the glass shuttle cockpit, support
for the shuttle launches at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida and being named
NASA's Chief CapCom, the voice of mission control to astronauts in orbit for 25
space shuttle missions." For four years starting in 1996, Hadfield coordinated
activities for and represented CSA astronauts as Chief Astronaut of the CSA.
|Storm brewing over North Pacific from Space (Canadian Space Agency (Commander Chris Hadfield))|
Then Chris went to Star City, Russia from 2001 - 2003, where
he directed operations on behalf of NASA at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training
Center (GCTC). "His work included
coordination and direction of all International Space Station crew activities
in Russia, oversight of new training and crew support staff, as well as policy
negotiation with the Russian Space Program and other International Partners."
It was here that he trained in the Russian Orlan spacesuit to be able to
perform spacewalks, which would later become very handy for him.
Chris Hadfield became a civilian CSA astronaut in 2003,
after serving for 25 years with the Canadian Air Force. For the next 5 years,
based in Houston, Texas again, he acted as the Chief of Robotics for NASA and
went on to become Chief of Operations for the International Space Station. All of this amazing experience laying
the groundwork for Chris Hadfield to one day become the Commander he is today.
So when did Chris Hadfield start going into space?
He was actually thrilled to be the first Canadian to operate
the Canadarm in orbit, on his first duty in space in 1995, serving as "Mission
Specialist 1 on STS-74, NASA's second space shuttle mission to rendezvous and
dock with the Russian Space Station Mir. During the flight, the crew of Space
Shuttle Atlantis attached a five ton docking module to Mir and transferred over
1,000 kg. of food, water, and scientific supplies to the cosmonauts." Canadarm,
also known as the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) is the mechanical
arm used on Shuttles to move payload like that listed above to its deployment
position and then release it.
In 2001, Hadfield again served as Mission Specialist 1, with
the mission of installing Canadarm 2, the new Canadian built robotic arm and
becoming the first Canadian to "leave a spacecraft and float freely in space.
In total, Hadfield spent 14 hours, 54 minutes outside, travelling 10 times
around the world." From 2008- 2009
Chris trained to live and work on the ISS (International Space Station) for
approximately 6 months, while serving as backup for Dr. Bob Thirsk of
Then the underwater world called. "In June 2010, Hadfield was part of the Pavilion Lake
research team, located 420 km northeast of Vancouver, Canada. Pavilion Lake is
one of the few places on Earth where microbialites are found." Why are
microbiolites important? Because
if we can understand how they are formed, we can possibly find it easier to
"identify potential forms of extraterrestrial life on future missions to Mars."
|East Berlin sodium gas light bulbs West has Halide (CSA (Chris Hadfield))|
By September of 2010, a full two years before he would
launch with Expedition 34/35 to the ISS, Chris Hadfield began his work and training
and planning to eventually become the first Canadian Commander of the
International Space Station.
Launching into space aboard Russia's Soyuz in December of
2012, Chris Hadfield started his adventure of taking part in a long-duration
spaceflight on the ISS.
In January, 2013, Chris answered questions live from space
with the Governor General of Canada, David Johnston and 250 grade 5 and 6
students who had gathered at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum in Ottawa.
These are just a few:
"Is your sense of taste weaker in space?"
Chris replied, "It's kind of like when you have a cold and
are all plugged up. In space there's no gravity to pull all the stuff out and
so we get sort of a swollen head and it fills up our nose and makes our tongue
kind of swollen and you can't taste your food. But after about a week, your
body gets used to it, your nose opens up and you can taste your food ok."
"How do you wash your hands with soap and water?"
Chris demonstrated, by squirting some soapy water out of the
No Rinse Body Bath rectangular package, rubbing his hands with a golf ball
sized floating glob and drying them with a towel.
|Chris answering questions from Students (CSA (metronews.ca))|
"How much space junk is there in the earth's atmosphere that
you can see from the space station?"
Chris told them, "Space is full of junk or debris. The earth
gets hit by 100 tons of debris a day. Every time you see a shooting start or a meteorite,
that is space debris, only some of it is man made. Because we are moving so fast, the only time I saw space
debris was when a meteorite burned up beneath us. Kind of scary as it could
have hit us but didn't."
"What inspired you to be an astronaut?"
Smiling, Chris replied, "You've probably heard of some
people who have done some really interesting things in their lives. When I was your age I watched some
interesting people. I watched the very first two people walk on the moon when I
was almost 10. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. And that's what inspired me. I
thought I'm going to grow up to be something, why don't I grow up to be that!
That looks like an interesting thing to do and I knew it probably wasn't
possible but if I don't try it's definitely going be impossible. And even if I
don't get to fly in space, all those things of learning to fly and build
spaceships and how to make machinery and how to test things and learn all about
navigation, geography and geology. It's all interesting. So I was inspired to
become an astronaut by two of the very first explorers, the very first people
to walk on the moon."
On March 13, 2013, Canada proudly watched as Chris became
Commander Chris Hadfield, the first Canadian to command a spaceship during the
second portion of his five-month journey in space. The country holds its
collective breath as he now prepares to come back to earth.