When Albert Schweitzer went to school, he noticed that his family was better off than many of the
other families in his village. Over the objections of his parents, the young Albert decided after his
first day of school, at age six, that he would not wear his more expensive clothes but would dress
just like his poorer schoolmates. So began a lifelong interest in the feelings and welfare of others.
By the age of 18, Schweitzer had decided to become a professional musician, playing the organ.
He received training both in his home town of Guernsbach (in Alsace, which had just become a
part of Germany), and in Paris. His teacher in Paris called him a genius. Shortly after beginning
his musical studies in Paris, however, he changed his mind and decided to become a pastor like his
father. He began attending Strasbourg University.
During his first years as a pastor, Schweitzer wrote his first two books -- one on religion and one a
biography of J. S. Bach. The books made Schweitzer world-famous and he was in high demand as
a speaker and organist throughout Europe.
When he was 28, Schweitzer read a report on the needs of Africans in the
Congo (now the Republic of Zaire). Shortly after reading this report he
resigned his position with Strasbourg University (where he was teaching) and
left for medical school, deciding that would be the best way for him to devote himself
"to the direct service of humanity."
After six years of medical school, Schweitzer persuaded the Paris Missionary
Society to send him to Africa with his new wife, Helen. He was sent to
Lambarene on the Ogooue River (now in the country of Gabon) to start a
hospital for the native Africans. Schweitzer started his hospital in the only building available: an
old chicken house. There he began to treat the sick of central Africa. Within nine months of
arriving, Schweitzer had treated over two thousand people.
World War I broke out within a year and a half of the Schweitzers' arrival in Africa. Germany and
France were at war and the Schweitzers were German citizens in French-controlled Africa. The
French government first confined them to their own hut. They were not even allowed to go to the
hospital to work. This restriction was relaxed for a while, and they were back at work treating the
sick. But the government again changed its mind and the Schweitzers were sent back to France as
prisoners of war.
While back in France, Schweitzer wrote his third book, a history of ethics. This multi-volume work
occupied his time for several years; the first volume was printed in 1923.
The last volume was published in 1925, and Albert Schweitzer decided it was time to return to
Africa. In order to finance the trip, and his hospital, Schweitzer set out across Europe on a
musical tour. He financed his return to Africa, and bought more equipment and supplies for his
hospital by giving organ concerts.
After his return to Africa, visitors from around the world, including other doctors and the press, started coming to his hospital in the
jungle to find out what was going on. They found patients sitting in the dust outside the hospital cooking their own meals,
and goats and chickens everywhere.
These conditions wouldn't have been acceptable in a hospital anywhere else, but Schweitzer knew
what he was doing. The Africans wouldn't have stayed in hospital beds, and they wouldn't have
eaten special hospital foods. Rather than chasing his patients away with all the "modern
conveniences," Albert Schweitzer decided to treat the Africans in the only way they would allow
treatment. Since supplies of food were hard to get, the goats and chickens were the only
source of meat and eggs.
The visitors created publicity which, in turn, brought volunteers. Doctors, nurses and other helpers
began to arrive to assist the doctor in the jungle. The value of his work in his little hospital was
finally becoming known.
In 1952, Albert Schweitzer received the Nobel Peace Prize. All the money he received from that
prize was used to build a new building in his camp at Lambarene to house lepers.
Shortly before she died, Schweitzer's wife asked him how long he planned to stay in Africa. He
could only reply in one way: "As long as I draw breath." In 1965, Albert Schweitzer, musician,
author, philosopher, and physician, died at the age of ninety, still working at his hospital in
Though it may seem he started late in life, changing careers twice, Schweitzer still spent almost
fifty years working in Africa, healing sick people who would otherwise have died.
More than merely a doctor, Albert Schweitzer was a great humanitarian, who cared for thousands
of people in a remote location, and did so despite war, disease and old age, all with little or no
pay. He certainly fulfilled his goal of working "to the direct service of humanity," and by example
he has inspired countless other people to enter into that service.