Ruth Simmons' great-great-grandparents were slaves. She was the 12th child of sharecroppers and was raised in the community of Grapeland, Texas, during a time of bitter segregation in the South. "The neighborhoods I grew up in were brutally segregated and enforced, of course, by law in the world I grew up in," she has written. "The boundary between black and white was absolute; the possibility of crossing it was not in my comprehension." Yet during those years, she received some of her most valuable lessons in life. Simmons remembers watching her mother, who worked cleaning houses and doing laundry, ironing "those mountains of clothes...the long tedious process" and her mother's careful attention to all of the details. Her mother absolutely insisted on doing the very best job she could moving through the mounds of clothes paying attention to each collar and the details around each button. This simple lesson of doing one's best was one that led Ruth Simmons on her path to success. In July 2001, Ruth Simmons became the 18th President of Brown University and the first black woman to lead an Ivy League institution.
|The Simmons Family
image from the Smith College web site
Ruth acknowledges that her mother had the greatest influence on her life even though she did not have a formal education. She taught her children with many stories of those who had faced bigotry with courage. She led by example, facing the daily challenges of life with "grace, magnanimity, and aplomb."
In Grapeland, education was not a priority for the children of sharecroppers. Children often missed school because they were expected to join their parents in the fields during harvest time. It wasn't until Ruth's family moved to Houston that she was able to enter public school. The other children laughed at the way Ruth dressed and spoke. In the face of this difficult transition, her family was a source of strength.
In the years before the Civil Rights marches, when segregation ruled the South, it was not possible for a black child to even think of attending college. No one Ruth Simmons knew had gone to college, and certainly no one yet in her family had been college educated. But Ruth set her sights on higher education. Her high school teachers sent her money during her early years in college to help pay for the cost of her education at Dillard University in New Orleans. When she had nothing to wear to college, a teacher took her in her closet and gave her clothes to wear to school. Simmons wrote: "These were people that wanted me to succeed in the worst possible way: they knew the odds out there, and wanted me to overcome them." She graduated summa cum laude in 1967.
|School segregation protest
image from the National Archives
As a child, Simmons knew that the segregated society she lived in was not normal. It hurt her when gangs of white boys would pass her in their cars and call her names. She realized that knowledge could strengthen her ability to cope with the "uncivil world." She embraced the humanities. "I studied theater and art and music and mostly literature...because I needed to know the ways mankind had, over the centuries, responded to social change...I needed to understand this because I recognized that if I couldn't come to understand it, I was going to go crazy."
In college, Ruth Simmons learned several languages and traveled to many foreign countries. She thought that by studying other cultures, she might better understand what was happening in her own country. Simmons observed that cultural prejudices in Europe and elsewhere created the same outrageous displays of hatred and bigotry as in the United States.
"We are all flawed," she concludes. "We all face the same great challenge: to try to learn how to overcome the uncivilized instincts that come so naturally to us, instincts to distrust, belittle, and attack anyone who is different."
Years of research and teaching have taught Simmons a great deal about life. However, the lessons learned from her mother as a child are the cornerstone of her faith in humanity. Simmons truly believes that people can overcome the ignorance and mistrust that leads to bigotry and incivility. "We can learn respect for others no matter how different they are from us. We can learn and teach our children as my mother did-how to cherish our individual and collective integrity, even in the face of brutality," she says.
As the President of Brown University, Ruth Simmons will passionately lead this educational institution with great humanity and a vision for a better world. She has instigated a blind admissions policy so that all qualified applicants who are accepted can attend the university regardless of their ability to pay. Simmons embraces Brown University's pioneering spirit and the open curriculum approach to education that places "the burden of choice, freedom, intellectual curiosity and independent motivation" on the student.
Simmons observes that we live in a complex environment in which we are forced to care about people who do not look like us, who do not understand us, who do not eat the same things we eat, who do not believe in the same God. "Can we learn to cross boundaries imposed by cultural, ethnic and religious differences?" she asks. "We owe it to our children and to our children's children to try."
Campus Crusader: Like university presidents of an earlier era, Ruth Simmons is the moral compass of the school she governs
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A Woman for All Seasons
Tributes to Ruth Simmons. From NewsSmith
published by Smith College
Defying the Impossible: Dr. Ruth Simmons
From the Black Collegian Online
Brown Alumni Magazine's profile of Ruth Simmons.