|Benjamin Franklin Broadcast News is the “centerpiece” of the school. Photo from The George Lucas Educational Foundation
"We're Here to Raise Kids"
Although students at Benjamin Franklin Middle School routinely place in the 95th percentile and above on standardized exams, Principal Tony Bencivenga does not make test scores the sole measure of school success.
He believes that turning out good kids who are confident, know how to work well together, care for others, treat people with respect, and possess a sense of self-worth is as much a part of his job as pointing them towards the Ivy League.
"I believe that the social/emotional component is clearly the most important of a child's life," says Bencivenga, whose enthusiasm is contagious as he races through the Ridgewood, New Jersey, school corridors calling out greetings and encouragement to teachers and students alike. "If we can create an environment where we feel good and care for each other, everything else falls into place.'
An English class discussion on a novel about the Warsaw Ghetto is directed in such a way that it becomes a conversation about what students can do to combat injustice they witness in their own lives. A journal-writing session first includes a discussion on what it must feel like to be a foster child. A lesson aimed specifically at emotional skills has students naming conflicts that create the most stress for them and coming up with ways to abate that stress. And teachers working on an interdisciplinary Web project on genocide meet to come up with ways to engage the students on a personal, emotional level. Powerful as such lessons are, the less visible aspect of social and emotional learning at BF is equally as important because it subtly infiltrates every aspect of school life:
• From the school's television station, BFBN (Benjamin Franklin Broadcast News), a daily student news and public service show produced by eighth graders is broadcast throughout the Ridgewood community on the local cable station. Bencivenga calls BFBN the "centerpiece" of the school. It started out with just a few pieces of equipment and has grown over 10 years to include two rooms of sophisticated video and audio gear. The students' public service spots stem from their own research on topics ranging from the dangers of marijuana to alternatives to animal dissections to sleep deprivation. Maurice Elias, Rutgers University psychology professor and creator of a social and emotional learning (SEL) program that is used at BF, says the television show alone "embodies SEL on multiple levels." The act of producing the show is a community service activity, the work itself requires teamwork, goal-setting, planning, listening, and cooperation, "and the content of the programs often addresses positive character development themes." Plus, notes one student producer, the programs have an impact. "Kids listen to kids."
|Principal Tony Bencivenga leads a sixth-grade workshop on social and emotional learning.Photo from The George Lucas Educational Foundation
The Right Start
• The first class period is devoted to building a feeling of community that sets an encouraging tone for the rest of the school day. Period One is used not only to take time to watch the BFBN broadcasts, to go to assemblies and concerts and listen to special addresses from the principal, it can be the time when teachers invite the students to share experiences or talk about whatever is on their minds or write in their journals. Period One may be the time when a local police officer comes to the school to talk about what's happening in the community or when counselors visit the classrooms or when students work on the latest food or toy drive. In addition, the teachers, all of whom receive professional development in social and emotional learning, may teach a specific lesson designed to build empathy or cooperative learning skills or community service.
• Students at Ben Franklin are divided into two "houses," each with its own vice principal, and then into teams of 100. Each team is grouped with seven faculty members, including the four core teachers for that year, a counselor, a learning specialist for students with special needs, and an administrator. Core academic teachers are in class five periods a day and have two periods in which to plan, confer, or meet with parents. A slightly longer day with nine periods and fewer teacher responsibilities outside the classroom allow for the planning and meeting time. The school schedule is configured so that students see their team teachers as much as possible, including in the cafeteria, out on the schoolyard, and in Period One. The full adult team meets regularly with individual students and their parents, which, notes Bencivenga, is "a great way of getting a sense of who your kid is," as opposed to just hearing from one teacher.
|Students have a month to run 26.2 miles and earn an “I ran a marathon” T-shirt.Photo from The George Lucas Educational Foundation
• A Parent Center on campus reflects the importance placed on having parents as partners in doing what is best for each child, and they are welcome any time. Teachers regularly send e-mail to parents about important tests or individual achievements or problems, and the parents e-mail back for electronic teacher-parent conversations. Parents are encouraged to set meeting times during teachers' two free periods, and parent-teacher meetings are thus a regular occurrence, not a once- or twice-a-year special occasion. Many parents set aside time or often videotape the BFBN daily broadcast in order to keep up on school events. Parents also get a taste of the curriculum when they are asked to take the places of their children in the broadcast class and do their own version of the news and public service show.
|Teachers discuss a Web project about the Holocaust during one of their two confer-and-plan periods.Photo from The George Lucas Educational Foundation
• Student athletics include a "no-cut" policy that eliminates competitiveness in school sports. Any student who wants to play the athletic games organized by the school or the pickup games that sprout up may do so. "I want children to be a part of anything they want to be, especially at the middle school level," says Bencivenga. "We'll compete with other junior high schools, but the important distinction is we do not have a BF team that seeks to find the best kids who can compete with other kids." March Madness illustrates the sports philosophy. Students can win a T-shirt for running a marathon, which is 26.2 miles - but they have a month to do it. Bencivenga says students who never thought of themselves as athletes have a special feeling of pride when they receive their "I completed a marathon" shirt. "That's an example of how I want to build self-esteem and self-worth through a regular education program," he says.
|Students discuss and diagram such middle school concerns as backstabbing and homework during Period One. Photo from The George Lucas Educational Foundation
A Big Message
But it doesn't stop there. The school is filled with small and not-so-small actions that add up to a big message. Bencivenga leads meetings with parents, teachers, and students to ask them to define and then commit to social and emotional learning. The administrators use cell phones rather than walkie-talkies to communicate in and around the school because walkie-talkies seem too much like prison paraphernalia. If kids want to come to school early, say at 7 a.m., they are welcome. Most of the time they study in the cafeteria, throw a few hoops before classes begin, or work on a school project. A student store and student bank add to the community feeling.
Administrators also teach classes as well as perform their regular administrative duties, so that students can see the principal and vice principals as more than authority figures and as part of the school program. Counselors stand in the hallways during the break between classes to make themselves available and establish face-to-face contact with students. They also wander through the cafeteria every day.
In every way imaginable, the organization of the school is designed to show that the adults at school care about the students and are there to help or guide them in any way that is needed. "We're here to raise kids," says Bencivenga. Because test scores are already high, he uses other measures to assess the effects of social and emotional learning: the extent to which students sign up for electives, perform community service, cooperatively learn, and eagerly share their work. On all counts, the program is a success, he says.
The school's "infusion approach" works, says Rutgers' Elias. "Each child in the course of every day gets touched by several social and emotional learning experiences as either a participant or a recipient. And so if you take that and you multiply it by five days a week, 180 school days over a period of years, you'd have a tremendously powerful intervention. And that's what kids are getting."
Page created on 7/2/2006 4:55:04 PM
Last edited 1/27/2016 2:44:29 AM
- The George Lucas Educational Foundation magazine celebrates the unsung heroes across America who make education a place where students are motivated to learn and teachers are energized by the excitement of teaching.
- Founded by Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence